Maasvlakte 2 increases the demand for energy; this requires no discussion. Only, Maasvlakte 2 wants to be the front runner and initiator of energy-efficient and energy-saving solutions. All businesses that want to establish themselves at Maasvlakte 2 must specify how they will handle energy and prevent its waste in for example their lighting, cooling, ventilation and heating.
The port uses much energy for transport and production, but conversely also produces a lot of energy. Much energy can be reused; smart bundling of energy streams offers opportunities for a sustainable approach. The Port Authority strives towards an environmentally-responsible and safe integration of all energy storage and production and efficient use of energy and raw materials. Examples of this are the development of sites where comparable businesses can be sited close together (co-sited), and the installation of a common network for pipelines.
There are suitable spots for wind turbines on the seawall. The location is ideal: there is a lot of wind, little nuisance to anyone living nearby, and a good concentration in a limited area. The Dutch government is encouraging wind energy in the Netherlands. The municipality of Rotterdam and the Port of Rotterdam Authority are linking up with this. Wind turbines fit well into the sustainable ambitions that exist for the area. The Maasvlakte 2 Zoning Plan provides room for at most 24 wind turbines. Together, they will generate an energy production of 60 to 80 MW (megawatts), enough for the energy supply of around 70,000 households. Moreover, on an annual basis, they provide a CO2 reduction of 120 kilotonnes. No wind turbines will be sited where the seawall is zoned for intensive recreational use. The installation of wind turbines is a matter for energy companies. The Port Authority is not going to operate any itself.
During the World Port Days in September 2009, nine parties signed a wind covenant. Signatories were the initiative-taker, the Province of Zuid-Holland, the Ministries of Economic Affairs and of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, the Municipality of Rotterdam, the Port of Rotterdam Authority, the South Holland Environmental Federation (Milieufederatie Zuid-Holland), Deltalinqs (the Rotterdam port and industries' association), the Dutch Wind Energy Association (NWEA) and the Rotterdam Climate Initiative. The covenant has the aim of achieving at least a doubling of the present wind energy power in the Rotterdam port area, from 150 to at least 300 MW (megawatts) by 2020. This fits in with the ambitions of the Rotterdam Climate Initiative, which is working on a halving of the CO2 emissions by 2025.
Sustainable process technology
In order to achieve greater ecological efficiency, a company- overarching utilities and facilities centre can be realised on Maasvlakte 2. Consider here network installation and administration, electricity, natural gas, drinking, process and waste water, CO2 and steam, and also telecoms, ICT and security. Even during construction and commissioning, Maasvlakte 2 is ensuring that the infrastructure is prepared for such a facilities centre. Moreover, infrastructure is offered for the transport of syngas (hydrogen and carbon monoxide).