Even apart from the arrival of Maasvlakte 2, it is a given that all traffic (commuting, business and pleasure) on all motorways and through roads around Rotterdam will increase in the future. It is apparent from research that the arrival of Maasvlakte 2 will make a relatively small contribution to the traffic problems in the Rijnmond area. It will mainly be the autonomous growth in traffic in the region causing the problem.
In the final situation around 2033, Maasvlakte 2 will cause around 29,100 vehicle movements per working day. 18,800 of these trips will be made by 9,400 trucks visiting Maasvlakte 2. Around the Vaanplein junction, Maasvlakte 2's contribution around 2033 will only be 2% of the total traffic (4,400 of the 176,500 vehicle trips) and 6% of the goods traffic (3,200 of the 52,100 goods trips).
The Port Authority is encouraging the transport of containers by ship and train as far as possible. Desired result (in 2033):
- Road proportion from 47% to 35%
- Train proportion from 13% to 20%
- Inland shipping proportion from 40% to 45%.
The Port Authority is making efforts towards accessibility through the following projects:
- Traffic Management Company - in this organisation, the Municipality of Rotterdam, the Rotterdam urban region, the Port Authority and the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment are joining up to reduce the traffic density on the A15 motorway through a package of targeted actions.
- Establishment policy - the Port Authority is giving priority to companies that ensure a large part of their hinterland transport takes place by rail or inland waterway (or through pipelines).
- Container transfer depot in the hinterland - due to these depots, more containers can be transported to locations outside the region by inland vessels rather than by truck.
- More use of collective personnel transport by businesses in the port.
- Use of Port Authority road network - for example as an emergency route.
- Dynamic Traffic Management Pilot - in collaboration with Rijkswaterstaat (Public Works) and other parties.
Efforts towards innovation - including through participation in the Transumo projects. Transumo is a platform of businesses, government bodies and knowledge institutions that together develop knowledge in the field of sustainable mobility.
In the meantime, the government has not been idle. The A15 will be widened in many places from 2015. The A4 in Central Delfland is also on the programme. The Rotterdam traffic system does however remain vulnerable. For this reason, the Port Authority strongly supports another connection between the banks in the west (a tunnel).
Maasvlakte 2 will shortly also be accessible via public transport. The distribution park on the new site will also be accessible by bus. Besides this, private transport is being worked on with other parties. The Port Authority, together with other organisations, is investigating whether workers in the port area can be taken to and from work collectively. In this way, the number of trips with private cars will reduce, which also reduces traffic jams.