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Rich flora and fauna


Some shifting of the sand will occur near the soft seawall that consists of dunes and beach. In this way, a situation will develop that closely resembles a natural coastal strand. A coastal strand is a series of dunes that borders directly onto the North Sea beach and often functions as a sea defence dune. These dunes are often overgrown with a vegetation of marram grass and sometimes lyme grass. The outermost cable and pipeline strips at Maasvlakte 2, which border onto the dunes, can also be made suitable for plants and insects that flourish on dry dune grasslands.

Rich dune vegetation, rich habitat

The expectation therefore is that a natural dune landscape with rich flora and fauna will develop, with dune vegetation such as sand couch, marram grass, sea buckthorn and elder thickets, and also with dune grassland and wet dune hollow species like orchids, parnassia and bog pimpernel. There will also be plants like star moss, woodrush, stonecrop, wild thyme, and the pyramidal and bee orchid. The area could be a habitat for the natterjack toad and sand lizard and for bird colonies of gulls, terns and avocets, and the Kentish and ringed plover and wheatear.