In sustainable development, account is taken of Maasvlakte 2's influence on man and the environment. It is therefore self-evident that there is space for influence on Maasvlakte 2's plans and realisation. Since the very start of the project, a transparent and proactive approach to the various stakeholders, such as environmental and nature organisations, has been opted for.
The open dialogue with the parties concerned was also continued during the design phase. These parties have been able to promote their interests, explain their viewpoints, and make a contribution to and indeed improve the plans. Sustainable development is in this way implemented and safeguarded in continuous discussion, from design, construction and fitting out through to operation.
Vision and Trust Agreement Framework
The agreements among Port Authority, government bodies and environmental and nature organisations were ratified in May 2008 in the 'Vision and Trust Agreement Framework' document. This describes how the parties concerned will interact up to 2033 in relation to the Rotterdam Mainport Development Project (PMR): agreements about the expansion of the port, the use of Maasvlakte 2, the environmental compensation and the creation of a new 750-ha nature and recreation area. It is also defined how the agreements are supervised based on measurements and reports.
The Agreement Framework includes extra, voluntary efforts on the Port Authority's part, including some targeted at the installation of shore power facilities for inland shipping, the reduction of light nuisance for migratory birds, and the placement of natural stepping stones for the migration of flora and fauna between Hoek van Holland and Voorne.
Shore power facilities
By providing mains supplies on the quays, moored ocean-going and inland vessels no longer have to use their engines to keep their onboard systems operating. This leads to reduced emissions and noise nuisance.
Natural stepping stones
Natural stepping stones are crossing places, sometimes in the form of small nature reserves, which make it possible for creatures such as birds and insects to cross from one habitat to another. These natural stepping stones thus ensure natural connections between Hoek van Holland and Voorne.
Around the table
At least once a year, all parties sit down round the table to evaluate whether sustainability, quality of life and innovation are all still on course. The participating organisations are:
- Ministry of the Environment and Infrastructure (formerly the Ministries of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, and Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment)
- Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation (formerly Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality)
- Province of Zuid-Holland, Municipality of Rotterdam and Rotterdam Urban Region
- Milieufederatie Zuid-Holland
- Vereniging Natuurmonumenten
- Stichting Het Zuid-Hollands Landschap
- Stichting Duinbehoud
- Deltalinqs, the Rotterdam port and industries' association
- VNO-NCW, the enterprise body
- Port of Rotterdam Authority
In the future, more stakeholder organisations may possibly join the annual meeting.