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Sandy coast with dune beach

Innovative thinking also characterises the design of the beach and the dunes along the west coast. PUMA has decided to mainly use sand from the Pleistocene, instead of the finer-grained Holocene sand that is normally used for beach nourishment projects in the Netherlands. This allows the contractor to construct a steeper beach with less sand. This innovation limits the construction and maintenance costs and minimises the seabed surface area affected by the construction activities.

Unique characteristics:

> Pleistocene sand limits construction and maintenance costs
> Deep extraction of sand reduces the area of seabed affected by construction