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Questions in the category: Project
When did construction start on Maasvlakte 2?
The PUMA consortium started construction on Maasvlakte 2 on 1 September 2008.
Why is the construction of Maasvlakte 2 this important?
Rotterdam has seen strong expansion in recent decades. The port is expected to reach the limits of its current capacity around 2013. In order to also be able to meet the growing demand for space in the years ahead and to maintain its leading role in Europe, the port is required to expand. A smoothly functioning and growing Rotterdam port is of crucial importance to the Dutch economy.
What is meant by the term Existing Rotterdam Area?
The Existing Rotterdam Area (ERA) is the collective term for a number of projects that stem from the dual objective of the Rotterdam Mainport Development Project (PMR). This dual objective focuses on:
> Better utilising the existing port area; and
> Improving the quality of the living environment.
The projects can be divided into intensification projects, which involve the improved utilisation of the existing port area, and quality of life projects, which increase the quality of the living environment. The Municipality of Rotterdam bears responsibility for the execution of these projects. The neighbouring municipalities have indicated which projects they would like to see carried out. The ERA project has a term of 15 years and is scheduled to be rounded off by 2021.
Will Rotterdam soon once again be the largest port in the world?
Rotterdam is Europe’s largest port. The construction of Maasvlakte 2 will assure Rotterdam of this leading position. In the global ranking of major international seaports, Shanghai holds first place, followed by Singapore. Rotterdam is the third-largest port in the world.
Why was it decided to expand the existing Maasvlakte?
In the context of the Rotterdam Mainport Development Project (PMR), all development options for port expansions in the wide vicinity of Rotterdam were examined. The point of departure was that these expansion options needed to offer hinterland connections and preconditions comparable to those presently offered by Rotterdam. It emerged that although the various ports in the Netherlands strengthen one another, they differ considerably from one port to the next in terms of the available clusters. In this comparison, Rotterdam proved to have unmatched advantages vis-à-vis the other ports. In response to this study, the Dutch government consequently decided to strengthen the Rotterdam international transport hub in economic terms by developing space adjacent to the existing port area.
The government has formulated a dual objective for this project: besides a reinforcement of the Rotterdam transport hub, it also needs to improve the living environment in the Rijnmond area.
What does Design & Construct mean?
Design & Construct means to say that PUMA, the consortium constructing Maasvlakte 2, works on the basis of an integrated contract. Under this contract, the contractor bears responsibility for both the design, the execution and the related risks. This way, the risks are borne by the party that is best equipped to control them. As a result, the Port Authority is sure to get the land reclamation on time and for a fixed price, according to previously established agreements and without unwelcome surprises.
What is the dual objective?
To create space in the port and in the region, both for the business sector and for nature and recreation. This way, quality of life in the region will be improved in net terms. That’s the dual objective that the Rotterdam Mainport Development Project (PMR) aims to achieve. Both objectives have been linked to one another. The expansion of the port with the Maasvlakte 2 land reclamation may only take place if the quality of life projects are also realised. Expanding the port and increasing quality of life go hand in hand.
What is the role of Rijkswaterstaat?
The Dutch government (PMR) has entrusted Rijkswaterstaat with establishing and constructing the environmental compensation (the establishment of the sea bed protection area and the construction of the dune compensation). This organisation manages the existing nature areas and is therefore the best party for also realising the environmental compensation measures.
What is the role of the Rotterdam Mainport Development Project (PMR)?
The Dutch government intends to strengthen the international transport hub of Rotterdam, while simultaneously respecting nature and the environment and the quality of the living environment in the Rijnmond area. To realise this intention, the Rotterdam Mainport Development Project (PMR) was initiated. This project consists of three subprojects:
> The construction of Maasvlakte 2, including the associated environmental compensation measures;
> The development of 750 ha of nature and recreation area;
> A series of projects realised under the collective name Existing Rotterdam Area, aimed at better utilising the existing port area and improving the quality of the living environment.
The Port of Rotterdam Authority is responsible for the construction of the new port area; the Province of Zuid-Holland for the subproject involving the development of 750 ha of nature and recreation area; and the Municipality of Rotterdam for the Existing Rotterdam Area subproject.
What is a business case?
A business case is an economic model that simulates reality. The model is fed a continuous input of current data about the development of the market, customer demand, construction methods and other relevant information. The business case subsequently calculates whether the desired return on investment will be realised. This makes it possible to monitor whether the project is still on course.
Which parties are involved in the project?
The Maasvlakte 2 Project Organization is part of the Port of Rotterdam Authority. It works closely together with the Dutch government, the Municipality of Rotterdam, Stadsregio Rotterdam, Rijkswaterstaat, the Province of Zuid-Holland and the neighbouring municipalities.
Who is responsible for the construction of Maasvlakte 2?
The construction of Maasvlakte 2 is handled by the Port of Rotterdam Authority. To this end, a special project organization has been set up within the Port Authority that will deal with all the related activities. The project director of the Maasvlakte 2 Project Organization is Ronald Paul. The actual construction of the land reclamation is in the hands of the PUMA consortium, which was formed by the two hydraulic engineering firms Royal Boskalis Westminster and Van Oord.
Is the port expansion still well-advised and necessary, in view of the current economic situation?
The economy is always subject to cyclical trends. Maasvlakte 2 is being constructed for the long term. The first sites will only become available in 2013. Clients have already been attracted for the sites currently under construction. The next phases will only be constructed when the market shows an interest in their development. The expectation is that this extra capacity will definitely be needed in the years ahead. A port is relatively insensitive to cyclical fluctuations. Primary and secondary necessities of life are currently often produced in other continents. The European hinterland’s need for these products will therefore never decline very strongly. The Rotterdam port currently does no offer any space for further growth. This growth is still expected – particularly in the medium term.
Maasvlakte 2 offers the port such opportunity for further growth. The financing of the land reclamation was arranged in early 2008, on attractive conditions. The interest at which the financing has been supplied has been fixed. The banks involved in the financing are all reputable parties. The financing has been placed with Fortis, ING, Rabobank, Bank Nederlandse Gemeenten (BNG) and the European Investment Bank.